Eleições: Um pouco de humor

Abril 1, 2009

De uma lista mailing

1.Name of Candidate: _____________________
Include father's name and grandfather's name. Leave blank if these are
not known.

2.Present Address: Give details.
(i) Name of Jail: _____________________
(ii) Cell Number: _____________________

3.Political Party: _____________________
  • List ONLY the Last Five parties in Chronological (Order)
4.Sex: [ ] A- Male B- Female C- Transsexual D- Uma Bharati 5.Nationality: [ ] A- Italian B- Bangladeshi C- Indian 6.Reasons for leaving last party (circle one or more) A- Defected B- Expelled C- Bought out D- All of the above 7.Reasons for contesting elections (circle one or more) A- To make money B- To escape court trial C- To grossly misuse power D- To serve the public (If you choose "D", attach Certificate of Sanity from a Recognized Government Psychiatrist) 8.What kind of public service experience do you possess? A- Social service (the middleman between criminals and dirty cops) B- I was rejected for latrine cleaning C- I sold bananas D- I serviced the public 9.Give details of any criminal cases pending against you (You may use as many additional sheets as no doubt required) 10.How many years have you spent in Jail? (Do not confuse with question 8) A- 2 years less a day B- 2-10 years C- Life D- None - I use anticipatory bail 11.Are you involved in any financial scams? A- Of course why should I be left behind B- No. It's always someone else. C- I see a Pakistani hand. 12.What is your Annual Corruption Income? Include hawala. A- 100-500 Crores B- 500-1000 Crores C- Swiss account deposit limit reached ... 13. Do you have any developmental plans for India in mind? A- No B- Yes if they involve bribes and travel C- Turning Bombay into Singapore. 14.Describe your achievements in space provided hereunder: [_________] 15. Please declare your assets. A- I don't have any. Everything belongs to my wife. B- I shall acquire them after I am elected C- So much even I don't know. 16. Do you believe in secularism A- Yes, if it's the same as Hinduvta. B- It's a dirty word. C- It died with Nehru. 17. Do you believe in equality for women? A- As long as they wear Pink Cheddies. B- As long as they leave some liquor for the men C- As long as they fetch dowry.

Issued in public interest by Election Commission of India.



Modi em grande

Março 30, 2009

Meet Narendra Modi, chief minister of Gujarat and the brightest star in the Hindu-chauvinist Bharatiya Janata Party. Under Modi, Gujarat has become an economic dynamo. But he also presided over India’s worst communal riots in decades, a 2002 slaughter that left almost 2,000 Muslims dead. Exploiting the insecurities and tensions stoked by India’s opening to the world, Modi has turned his state into a stronghold of Hindu extremism, shredding Gandhi’s vision of secular coexistence in the process. One day, he could be governing the world’s largest democracy.

Robert D. Kaplan, no seu tour indiano, aqui, no The Atlantic.

Inclui uma referência a Diu, nada favorável a Portugal e ao seu colonialismo na Índia:

As empires rise and fall, only their ideas can remain, adapted to the needs of the people they once ruled. The Portuguese, given only to plunder and exploitation, brought no ideas save for their Catholic religion, which sank little root among Hindus and Muslims. And so these ruins are merely sad and, after a manner, beautiful.


Causas e reformas para abrandamento económico, segundo o ICRIER

Março 27, 2009

icrier_logo1

 

Voltando à questão já aqui discutida da redução do crescimento económico na Índia, um Outlook económico do ICRIER deste mês, junta-se às previsões, mas tenta enquadrar as causas para esse abrandamento e propor uma agenda de reformas

 

“[…] The Indian economy was on a cyclical slowdown after a five-year record boom and there was every hope that the economy will go for another strong growth phase after this brief slowdown. The global crisis has changed that outlook and instead will deepen and prolong Indian economy’s slowdown. It has dealt a severe blow to investment sentiments and consumer confidence in the economy. The policy response so far has been prompt in the form of monetary easing and fiscal expansion but the impact may not be much in the near term.

[…]

Therefore, a better way of responding to the crisis is the often repeated and now become cliché of kick-starting the ‘second round of reforms’ which is long overdue. India has to substantially relax its “permit and approval” system by carrying out procedural reforms which will raise the investment climate for both domestic and foreign investment. It should reform its education system at school and university levels. It should carry out reforms in agriculture in its various stages; from input to output to marketing. The government should press hard in changing policies and procedures to build world class infrastructure of power, roads, ports, airports, urban infrastructure, water and sanitation. India ranks very low among countries on regulatory environment with regard to enforcement of contracts, payment of taxes, business closure, licensing, property registration and setting up of business (World Bank, 2008). Reforms in these areas would be much more effective than just packages of monetary and fiscal stimuli to restore investor and consumer confidence.[…]”

in pag. 25; Conclusions and policy suggestions

 

Alguém conhece e pode avaliar a independência deste organismo? Pelas conclusões traçadas, não parece muito alinhado com perspectivas de avestruz ou com o tal wishful thinking

 

p.m.


“Contrastes” é eufemismo para isto

Março 24, 2009

Afzal Guru, o caxemire condenado à morte referido ali em baixo, é um caso a seguir com muita atenção. Se o Presidente indicado pelo BJP, A P J Kalam, não chegou a dar ordem de execução, é certo que a Presidente indicada pelo INC, P Patil, também não a dará. E o senhor, inocente ou não, continuará a apodrecer em Tihar Jail.

Geelani e Haksar

Geelani e Haksar

E agora uma pista: Geelani, professor na Universidade de Deli, caxemire, foi inicialmente detido e depois condenado como cúmplice de Afzal nos ataques de Dezembro de 2001 ao Parlamento indiano. Esteve preso vários anos, sofreu torturas macabras, a sua mulher, filhas e família sofreram represálias etc.

Com a ajuda de Nandita Haksar, corajosa advogada pelos direitos humanos e políticos (minha conhecida, agora com casa em Goa também, quem não a tem?), recorreu até ao Supremo e foi ilibado. Uma batalha que contou com o apoio de Arundhati Roy, entre vários outros intelectuais e activistas.

Sabem o que aconteceu dias depois de Geelani ser finalmente libertado, anos depois? Ao entrar para casa da sua advogada Haksar, perto da minha universidade de então, alguém alveja-o com vários tiros no ábdomen, quase morria. Não sou amigo de teorias da conspiração, mas se googlarem (não vou enviesar opiniões com ligações, porque há perspectivas muito diferentes) e lerem um pouco sobre este caso, ficarão a conhecer uma Índia bem menos “shining” – uma Índia dominada pelos “encounter specialists”, as “special cells” policiais, por uma justiça debilitada, minada por interesses corruptos e ideologicamente suspeitos.

Sobre Haksar, ainda: é a mulher mais corajosa que conheci na Índia. Filha de um dos conselheiros mais influentes de Indira Gandhi, P N Haksar, em vez de se deitar na “caminha feita”, escolheu a via mais difícil, assumindo o papel de principal denunciadora de um regime nem sempre democrático, e defensora de causas humanas que ninguém quer abraçar (violações de direitos humanos em Caxemira, Nordeste, confrontos anti-muçulmanos em Goa etc.). Nunca me esquecerei das longas noites, até de manhã, que passávamos a discutir com ela na JNU.


Honra pouco o nome

Março 17, 2009

Breaking news da Índia. E começamos a saga eleitoral…

Mais aqui.

A mensagem é simples, e transmitida de forma recorrente por toda a Índia pelos nacionalistas hindus: “metem-se connosco, levam. E mesmo que não se metam connosco, também levam.” O facto de estar a ter esta visibilidade deve-se só ao factor eleições, bem como a questões políticas circunstanciais (candidato ao distrito extremamente desfavorecido de Pilibhit, no estado-chave de Utar Pradexe, mexendo com os influentes interesses do Congresso e seu possível aliado Samajwadi Party naquela região). O Senhor Modi já disse e fez bem pior e continua lá, agora (como vimos) pronto a espalhar a mensagem para Goa também.

Só mais uma nota, em jeito de aquecimento para a aula de Sábado: Varun Gandhi (neto de Indira Gandhi, não relacionado com o Mahatma), é licenciado pela London School of Economics e Mestre pela School of Oriental Studies. É este cosmopolita o espelho da nova geração de políticos indianos? Como é possível acreditar na Sensex e, ao mesmo tempo, em Rama?


Se isto dá nos nossos actores, estamos tramados…

Março 16, 2009

Um artigo do Economist de sexta-feira passada fala da importância de Chirnajeevi (de seu nome Konidela Shiva Shankara Vara Prasad) nas próximas eleições em Andhra Pradesh. É um famoso actor de Tollywood (atenção que há dois Tollywoods – neste caso é o cinema telugu de AP, o maior a seguir a Bollywood, mas Tollywood também pode ser o cinema bengali baseado perto de Calcutá…).

Para confundir ainda mais, faço um pequeno desvio para sublinhar como é enorme esta família Wood na Índia: também há Kollywood, dos estúdios em Kodambakkama, no Tamil Nadu (mas não confundir com o Kollywood na nepalesa Kathmandu…); Punjwood, no Punjab; Ollywood, de Orissa; Sandalwood no Karnataka – nome excelente..;  e por fim, no Paquistão temos Pollywood (cinema urdu de Peshawar), Kariwood (Karachi) e Lolywood (Lahore), e ainda Dallywood, de Dakha no Bangladesh… O cinema de três estados, Bihar, Assam e Kerala, tal como o cinema marathi, por azar instalado em Mumbai, onde não há lugar para mais -woods, não foram contemplados com este apelido….

Mas voltando a Chirnajeevi, um verdadeiro deus em AP, ele é apenas um entre varios artistas indianos virados políticos. E cito:

Troubled actor Sanjay Dutt   became the latest Bollywood star to join politics with the Samajwadi Party named him as its candidate from the Lucknow Lok Sabha constituency in the general elections later this year. Sanjay will be contesting from a constituency that has long been represented by former prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee of the Bharatiya Janata Party and who has opted out of the race on health grounds. “Sanjay has a good chance in Lucknow. With the Samajwadi Party naming him, Lucknow will witness a star contesting the election for the fourth time. However, on earlier occasions, no film star was successful in winning from this constituency,” a Lucknow-based political analyst, said. “However, Sanjay has very good chances of winning because he has some roots in the city. After the partition of the country, his father Sunil Dutt came here with his family and lived in old Lucknow for a few years.”

Muzzafar Ali twice contested from Lucknow on a Samajwadi Party ticket but he never won.

Raj Babbar also tried his luck once from Lucknow but in vain. He later won the Agra seat on the Samajwadi Party ticket before quitting the party.

Elsewhere in Uttar Pradesh, southern star Jayaprada contested the 2002 Lok Sabha elections from Rampur on a Samajwadi Party ticket and won.

Then, of course, there is Amitabh Bachchan arguably the most high-profile star to have entered parliament, but more about him later.

Thus, actors turning into politicians is not an uncommon trend in India.

Tamil superstar Maruthur Gopala Ramachandran (MGR) was perhaps the first one to enter the political domain. After reaching dizzying heights as an actor, he forayed into politics with the regional DMK party(Federação do progresso Dravidiano) in 1953.Election symbol of DMK

He was with the party for 19 long years before being expelled in 1972. In the same year, he formed his own party ADMK, which was later renamed AIADMK.

MGR became the Tamil Nadu chief minister in 1977 and remained in office for a decade till his death in 1987.

During this period, he brought his co-star and protégée Jayalalitha into politics, and she too has served as the state`s chief minister.

Telugu star N.T. Rama Rao or simply NTR, was also successful in politics. He formed Telugu Desam Party in 1982

and within nine months it had stormed to power in AP and he became the chief minister.

Following in the footsteps of the senior actors, many southern stars like Rajnikant, Chirnajeevi, Mammootty, Vijay Kant, Sharath Kumar and Rajkumar too have traversed the political path.

Bollywood`s evergreen star Dev Anand laid the foundation by floating his own party during the Emergency in 1975. Angered by the then minister for information and broadcasting VC Shukla`s attempts to browbeat film personalities, he formed the National Party of India to protect the fundamental rights of citizens. However, Dev Anand couldn`t keep the party going because of his film commitments and had to dissolve it.

The trend continued when Bollywood’s then “angry young man” Amitabh Bachchan came into politics at the behest of good friend and former prime minister Rajiv Gandhi. He contested the Lok Sabha election from his native Allahabad in 1984 and though he won by a huge majority, he failed to make his mark as a politician. Amitabh Bachchan registered a landslide victory, but this was attributed only to his superstar image.

Amitabh`s unceremonious departure didn`t deter others from testing the waters. The list of actors is long and has names like Vyjanthimala, Rajesh Khanna, Shatrughan Sinha, Raj Babbar, Jayaprada, Jaya Bachchan, Hema Malini, Dharmendra, Govinda and Poonam Dhillon.Lesser-known TV actors too tried their luck in politics. They include Nitish Bhardwaj and the current entrant from small screen Smriti Irani, known for her role in long running TV soap “Kyunkii Saas Bhi Kabhi Bahu Thii”.

However, hopes are high from Sanjay Dutt, whose father was successful politican and central minister, with his younger sister Priya Dutt, a Congress MP from South Mumbai, carrying forward the legacy.

Sanjay`s mother, the legendary Nargis Dutt , also was a Rajya Sabha MP.”

Nota importante de roda-pé: “Sanjay, who had led a chequered life more dramatic than some of his films, was convicted for possessing illegal firearms ahead of the 1993 serial blasts in Mumbai. He is currently out on bail and his petition challenging his conviction is pending in the Supreme Court.”…


Peso-pesados

Março 14, 2009

Encontrei este post perdido nos rascunhos deste blog – algum participante terá desistido de o publicar? Uma perspectiva extremamente interessante sobre as principais figuras destas eleições nacionais que se aproximam.