A culpa é toda deste…

 

…o último maharajá de Jammu e Kashmir  

Hari Singh sobe ao trono em 1925, com a morte do tio.

Não simpatizava com o Partido do Congresso, mas também se opunha à Liga Muçulmana e à sua visão de duas nações. Com a independência, tinha de escolher. Tentou inicialmente jogar Índia contra Paquistão, com o objectivo de se manter independente.

Mas a invasão por um gupo de guerrilheiros tribais paquistaneses levou-o a pedir ajuda a Delli, tendo esta imposto a condição de integração na Índia:

My dear Lord Mountbatten,

I have to inform Your Excellency that a grave emergency has arisen in my State and request the immediate assistance of your Government. As Your Excellency is aware, the State of Jammu and Kashmir has not acceded to either the Dominion of India or Pakistan. Geographically my State is contiguous with both of them. Besides, my State has a common boundary with the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and with China. In their external relations the Dominion of India and Pakistan cannot ignore this fact. I wanted to take time to decide to which Dominion I should accede or whether it is not in the best interests of both the Dominions and of my State to stand independent, of course with friendly and cordial relations with both. I accordingly approached the Dominions of India and Pakistan to enter into standstill agreement with my State. The Pakistan Government accepted this arrangement. The Dominion of India desired further discussion with representatives of my Government. I could not arrange this in view of the developments indicated below. In fact the Pakistan Government under the standstill agreement is operating the post and telegraph system inside the State. Though we have got a standstill agreement with the Pakistan Government, the Government permitted a steady and increasing strangulation of supplies like food, salt and petrol to my State.

With the conditions obtaining at present in my State and the great emergency of the situation as it exists, I have no option but to ask for help from the Indian Dominion. Naturally they cannot send the help asked for by me without my State acceding to the Dominion of India. I have accordingly decided to do so, and I attach the instrument of accession for acceptance by your Government. The other alternative is to leave my state and people to free booters. On this basis no civilised government can exist or be maintained.

This alternative I will never allow to happen so long as I am the ruler of the State and I have life to defend my country. I may also inform your Excellency’s Government that it is my intention at once to set up an interim government and to ask Sheikh Abdullah to carry the responsibilities in this emergency with my Prime Minister.

If my State is to be saved, immediate assistance must be available at Srinagar. In haste and with kindest regards,

Yours sincerely,

Hari Singh
October 26, 1947

Demorou apenas um dia a ser respondida….

My dear Maharaja Sahib, 

In the circumstances mentioned by Your Highness, my Government have decided to accept the accession of Kashmir State to the Dominion of India. In consistence with their policy that in the case of any State where the issue of accession has been the subject of dispute, the question of accession should be decided in accordance with the wishes of the people of the State, it is my Government’s wish that, as soon as law and order have been restored in Kashmir and its soil cleared of the invader, the question of the State’s accession should be settled by a reference to the people.

Mountbatten of Burma
October 27, 1947

 O que está na origem da primeira guerra com o Paquistão, logo ali à cabeça.

Após 26 anos o reinado de Singh chegou naturalmente ao fim, em ’51. Teve de deixar esta casa

 

 não sem antes dizer qualquer coisa na rádio,   

e mudou-se para Bombaím, onde viveu mais dez anos.

O seu filho Yuvray foi depois nomeado governador do estado em 1964.

Na lista protocolar relativa ao número de salvas militares, o maharajá de Jammu e Kashmir estava no primero grupo, de 21 salvas, juntamente com os maharajás de Hydrabad, Mysore, Gaekwad e Gwalior ….

 

Também há outro Hari Singh :  , brigadeiro que ganhou fama em nova guerra subsequente contra o Paquistão, em ’65, aguentando “hardships and vagaries of inhospitable terrain and climate. By his relentless and vigorous drive, he overcame all the difficulties and succeeded in making strong and viable defenses in his sector.”

Cá pra mim o outro não se aguentou porque não tinha era bigode…

Uma resposta a A culpa é toda deste…

  1. ken5z9mana diz:

    Na New Yorker de 2 Março vem uma peça bem interessante de Steve Coll sobre as negociações secretas entre Índia e Paquistão relativas ao Kashmir. No site da NY é preciso registo pago, mas encontrei o artigo – longo, mas vale a pena – noutro local: http://www.newamerica.net/publications/articles/2009/back_channel_11191 Steve Coll é o presidente desta New America Foundation,

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